これは、英国のThe Dancing Timesという雑誌の出版社から1933年に出版された、The Text book of Modern Ballroom Dancingという書籍から抜き出したものです。著者はEve Tyngate-Smithという女性で、Victor Silvesterたちが、イングリッシュスタイルのボールルームダンスを標準化して1924年に発表した時の、標準化委員会のメンバーの一人です。


There are three chief movements in dancing by the correct use of which a dancer is lifted out of the ruck to become a dancer in more than name.

These three movements are C.B.M., Rises, and Sways, and they are controlled by the body, and are of the utmost importance.

Of these, the second , "Rises" is a movement used in all the main dances, except Tango, to give the necessary softness and to interpret the lilt of the music.

A "Rise" is a pulling up of the whole body, actually making a change in height, and is not merely dancing on the Ball of Foot.

A step is often done on the Ball of Foot without a rise, e.g. walks back and side steps, etc.; and also a slight rise can be done without using the Ball of Foot.

After a "rise" there must always be a "drop," i.e. dropping the heel to lower the body.

The correct timing of rises is important.

Care must be taken to rise at the right moment and not to drop too soon.

Both the rise and the drop come at the end of step so that the change either from heel to Ball of Foot or from Ball of Foot to heel is gradual and passes along the Foot.

In the descriptions of steps where a rise is shown it must be held through the next step or steps till the drop is indicated.

The use of the Ball of Foot does not always necessitate a rise.

The rises of each step are dealt with in Part 4, cf the Tables in Section 2, of each step, and, as will be seen, it is not advisable for beginners to study them.

Even average dancers should not confuse matters by attempting to visualise the height of a rise in inches, it is better simply to distinguish between a slight rise and a rise, and to learn the difference by demonstration.

The technique of a rise is the same in any dance in which it comes, but there is a difference in the effect according to the amount of rise made.

For instance, in the Waltz, the rises and drops are more obvious than in the Slow Fox-trot.

It is always necessary to mark the rise by comming into it from a giving down movement, as is seen in the first step of a Waltz turn, when, before rising at the end of the step, the supporting knee has been slightly bent, although the moving leg has been kept straight, and consequent rise -- held through the second and to the end of the third beat -- appears to have started from below and to have reached its peak gradually.

The drop on to the heel comes at the end of the third beat, when the then supporting knee is slightly bent, until the end of the next step, when the rise starts again.

When there is a rise at the end of a Slow step backward, the heel is dropped first before the rise, if it be a Quick step backward, the rise is taken from the Ball of Foot as there is no time to drop the heel.


Dancers must realise they use three parts of the Foot, the Heel, the Ball of Foot, and the Toe, and that the three parts touch the floor in order in an oardinary forward movement and vice versa backward.

In modern dancing the feet are not raised from the floor (except in Tango, when they are placed), there is always a slide or glide of some part of the Foot.

The feet should always be kept in a straight line with the body and close to each other, and the man and girl's feet should be opposite each other's (again except in the case of Tango).

Dancers should always endeavour to have tidy footwork and to give the impression that their footwork is controlled.

For instance, when told to move forward on heel, the toe must not be lifted in the air, but only slightly off the floor, and the toe must not be allowed to turn out or in, but must be kept in a straight line with the body.

In Tango, where the man's body is at an angle to the girl's, his feet are also at an angle to hers.

And as he places his feet in Tango rather than "sliding" them into position, he often places them in a line away from the line of his body, as in this dance the feet lead various movements and the body follows instead of the body leading as in all other dances.

This applies also to turns.

  • 最終更新:2012-10-17 23:53:27